When dealing with personal injury, some incidents are more premeditated than others.

In the case of intentional torts, you may sustain injuries from an act someone else did on purpose or without planning.

Definition

According to FindLaw, those committing intentional torts typically have full knowledge there would be some sort of repercussion. However, this also includes unforeseen issues that arise from thoughtless acts, such as jumping out at someone and accidentally causing that person to have medical complications due directly to the shock of the surprise.

Assault and battery

The two most common varieties of intention torts are assault and battery, both of which involve harm in some way. For battery, it is the physical act of touching or hitting another person in an offensive way. This also covers situations where a weapon discharges. For assault, it involves the attempted act of hurting another person, or feigning as if you were going to hurt them.

Confinement

Yet another example of an intentional tort is false imprisonment. Although less common than other methods, it is the act of holding someone against his or her will in a space when you do not have the authority to do so.

The only exception to this rule is if you are a store owner who has caught someone stealing from you. In order to prevent someone from leaving, you can legally hold the shoplifter until the authorities arrive.

Other varieties 

Trespassing and invasion of privacy, along with other situations, are also intentional torts. In cases where it was not premeditated, negligence is often the cause of these incidences.